Clinical protocols in Neonatology

AIIMS protocols in Neonatology 2019, Noble Vision Publishers, Delhi


We are delighted to present the second edition of 'AIIMS Protocols in Neonatology'. The manual has been thoroughly updated by incorporating new evidence, deleting redundant material, and correcting inadvertent errors (thanks to many readers who provided their diligent feedback). The current edition has 27 new protocols. Some of them do pertain to rare conditions but, we believe they would serve as simple yet comprehensive resource materials on different aspects of neonatal care.

There is actually plethora of information available in the form of books, internet resources, and CMEs amongst others in any field of medicine including neonatology. But the students, residents, practitioners, and other stakeholders still find themselves at loss looking for a reliable and up-to-date source of information on newborn health and there exists a space for a concise book that serves as a brief guide for holistic management of a newborn. 'AIIMS Protocols in Neonatology' attempts to fill that void. The manual certainly does not cover all the conditions that a healthcare provider might encounter in his day-to-day practice. But, this edition includes more conditions than the previous one, and we hope that future editions will cover the entire gamut of neonatal care.

Compared to writing a textbook, editing a protocol book is far more challenging. It requires collation of the available evidence, judging its relevance and applicability in the given context, and creating a consensus amongst the team members in multiple iterative cycles of revision. We are grateful to our team of wonderful residents - current and past, and the faculty colleagues - within and outside the department, who have contributed immensely to this endeavor. All the contributors feel proud of being able to contribute to the education of a large number of colleagues in our fraternity and patient care in India and beyond through this activity.


The protocols are not universal and applicable only in a given context. These protocols, therefore, are applicable to our (or similar) context. They may need adaptation for a different setting. We advise the readers to take into consideration the context they work in while applying these protocols in practice.


At AIIMS, our core value is that of unrestricted sharing of all the resources that we have the privilege to create. In consonance with this philosophy, all the important protocols are being made available in PDF format on our website ( free of cost.


We wish to thank Mr Sudhir Hira of Noble Vision (our new publisher) who personally supervised the publication work.


Though we have taken utmost care to minimize inadvertent errors and factual inaccuracies in this edition, there is still a possibility of finding random errors in the book. We trust that the readers would be careful to take note of such errors while using this manual and be generous enough to provide their valuable feedback as they did in the past (Please send email to one/all of us:,,


Prof. Ramesh Agarwal, Prof. Ashok Kumar Deorari, Prof. Vinod Kumar Paul, Dr M Jeeva Sankar, Dr Anu Sachdeva


Division of Neonatology
Department of Pediatrics
All India Institute of Medical Sciences
Ansari Nagar, New Delhi - 110 029



Apnea - 2019
Blood Components Transfusion - 2019
Care of Normal Neonates - 2019
Cranial Ultrasonography - 2019
Feeding of Low Birth Weight Infants - 2019
Inrapartum Monitoring - 2019
Kangaroo Mother Care 2019
Manroe Chart 2019
Metabolic Bone Disease - 2019
Mouzinho Chart - 2019
Neonatal Chest X-Ray - 2019
Other Oxygen Delivery Systems - 2019
Pain Assessment and Management - 2019
Parenteral Nutrition - 2019
Central Vascular Access - 2019
Feeding of Neonates with Umbilical Artery Doppler Abnormalities - 2019
Fungal Infections - 2019
Golden Hours management of High Risk Newborns - 2019
Hearing Screening - 2019
Heated Humidified High Flow Nasal Cannula - 2019
Hypertension - 2019
Hypocalcemia - 2019
Inborn Errors of Metabolism - 2019
Invasive Machanical Ventilation - 2019
Necrotizing Enterocolitis - 2019
Neonatal Jaundice - 2019
Oxygen Saturation Policy - 2019
Polycythemia - 2019
Post resusctitation management of asphyxiated neonates - 2019
Preterm Brain Injury - 2019
Respiratory System - 2019
Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) - 2019
Surfactant Replacement Therapy - 2019
Umbilical Cord Blood Banking - 2019